Science and Beyond      Music and Arts:      Technology:



Einstein's "Zur Elektrodynamik bewegter Körper", which includes E=mc2, was received in June 30, 1905. The idea of light quanta were nearly universally rejected by all physicists, including Max Planck and Niels Bohr. The work remained controversial for many years.

The letter below is to introduce an extra measure added to Einstein's theory of relativity: an absolute.

Black Holes behind the expansion of the Universe?
Fact or fiction? You decide.

One of the most fundamental questions in science concerning Universe is: why wasn't matter cancelled by anti-matter moments after the Big Bang? The following is to find some answers.

1. Primordial Waters.

Before the Beginning there was Timelessness...

Imagine an infinitely large balloon, which size can not be defined, as it is impossible to know where does it start or end. Nor is it possible to find its center - of infinity - no matter how much Time to spend in searching for it - the very center of that infinitely large balloon:

If a 'Fixed Center' of such 'balloon' (above left) remains static (immobile), then there is no difference between plus or minus time, distance and weight, as from the Timelessness perspective, impossibility of having negative weight, distance and time, for example, is meaningless, while the impossibility of simultaneously having a negative weight from positive weight's perspective has a meaning.

Therefore, all what's possible and impossible depend from a perspective.

But now, if to imagine that this infinitely large balloon is made of infinite number of smaller balloons, then it would give a chance to decide, from how big balloons could infinity be made of, which would make it also possible to observe and measure the sizes of these balloons, and locate their centers, no matter how many of these balloons would make an infinity (above right).

But before making any observations, two fundamental questions should be answered:

What is Nothing?

It's when a plus one kilogram balloon and a minus one kilogram balloon have exactly the same center (space-time coordinates), be it made of - "what's potentially to become" - hydrogen or anti-hydrogen, helium or anti-helium, carbon or anti-carbon, silicon... or any other element.

How to get Something out of such Nothing?

Firstly, one must have an ability to make a move, independent of mass-symmetry, or Gravity. Secondly, one must have an ability to move relative to X (time) and Y (distance) axes (above right) at zero mass. If these two conditions are met, it is possible to get something out of nothing via Time Shift, where the plus/minus 'balloons' do not have the same center (space-time coordinates):

The Time Shift sets some strict rules: observations can be made either inside Alpha 'balloon' or Omega 'balloon', not in both simultaneously. Yet when Alpha (the Bridegroom) is separated from Omega (the Bride), there will be an urge to rejoin.

First, imagine that the center of an infinitely large balloon - Timelessness - can be at any Location. If to presume, that it can also be simultaneously in different locations, then it would take Time to cover a Distance between the 2 possible centers of Timelessness.

If now to Identify one of these potential centers as the Beginning of Time, and then Locate the other center as the End of Time, then it would create an observable Time-Distance (space-time) difference of the balloons' own opposite Weight (mass). It would not matter anymore how big is Infinity, as all that matters is we can now Identify and Locate everything between the Beginning and the End of Infinity.

A relation between the Beginning (Identity) and the End (Location) can be now experienced and observed via the Time-Tension (gravity) between the opposite mass and light's movement.

2. Black and White Snake.

In order to simplify the concept, just 2 opposites - black and white - are explored, where matter has a positive and anti-matter a negative mass.

There are 4 possible instances:

1. Known matter +m (past);
2. Black Hole (Event Horizon - the past present);
[Time Zero Asymmetry Flip (mass (time) reversal)];
3. White Hole (Anti-Horizon - the future present);
4. Unknown (dark) matter -m (an 'anti-past' or the future).

Please note: there is no difference between known and unknown (dark) matter, but the time-location of an observer - somewhat similar to the double-slit experiment (Young's experiment), where the results depend on the observer.

In physical reality we can not see the so called Primordial Waters. It's because of the way we experience Time and Distance - the Universe - built from matter, which can not co-exist with anti-matter, as one would eliminate ('eat') the other instantly. Therefore, our perception of Time and Distance - the visible Universe - ends at a black hole, where matter is 'eaten' by the time-tension of anti-matter, located in the opposite side of a black hole.

Stars and planets, born from Supernovae explosion after the time-tension between their parents (Yin and Yang below left) has reached its climax, can grow and evolve for as long as the 'Gates of Iron Wall' are closed (the nucleus below right), so that one of the Ouroboros snakes (below center) would not 'swallow' them instantly. Those having a positive mass would be otherwise swallowed by one snake, with negative mass by the other, as one dwells in matter (past), the other in anti-matter (future).

© Endel Rivers, 2009-2012

See the concept explained at presentation of a forthcoming theatrical production Scarab - Portrait of a Man, based on ancient Egyptian mythology.